Land Area: 7,800 has./78 sq.kms.
Number of Barangays – 44
Income Classification: 3rd
Population – 26,494 (projected)
Distance from Service Centers:
Sinait – Manila – 444 kms. ( 296 miles)
Sinait – Laoag – 48 kms.
Sinait – Vigan – 35 kms.
Creation : Named “SIN-NAIT” by Salcedo in 1575, a word in the local tongue which means “CONTEST” and later in 1913 through a Municipal Council Resolution adopted SINAIT as the official name to that effect.
Before Magellan discovered the Philippines in 1521, the locality was only a small village of little over a hundred natives who were called Tirongs. By nature, these primitive inhabitants were sea-fearing warlike. In their fast picturesque sailboats, they travelled to adjoining and distant places, most particularly to settlements and villages along the Ilocos Coast in Ilocos Norte, Ilocos Sur, La Union, Pangasinan and even Zambales. In those adventures, the “Tirongs” always challenged the people encountered to tribal wars and fought small battles against them. Often, those sturdy and brave natives came out victorious. Even in their daily chores, those people showed their ferocious characteristics. When the renowned Iberians came, Salcedo was sent to explore and colonized the Ilocos territory during the early years of the Spanish regime, he found the “Tirongs” of Sinait in apogee of the social state. Small battles were daily occurrence so that in the year 1535, when the locality was organized and established as a “Pueblo”, Salcedo named the new community as “SIN-NAIT”, a word in the local tongue which means “CONTEST”. As a pueblo, Sinait embraced and included in its territorial limit such as distant places as “RANCHERA DE PAUR”, now the Municipality of Nueva Era in Ilocos Norte and southern barrios of Badoc of the same Province. The vast territory, however, was reduced to present 78 square kilometers. In the year 1575, the natives fully realized the hardships of pronouncing the term “SIN-NAIT” and to go away with the trouble, Salcedo declared that one of the letter “N” be dropped. Since then, this Municipality has been called “SINAIT”.
Sinait takes pride in being the Sanctuary of the Miraculous Crucifix known as “APO LAKAY”, the treasure of Ilocandia. It has a life size statue in the Roman Catholic Church, a Black Crucified Christ which is believed to have come from Nagasaki, Japan in 1620. The early Spanish missionaries might have brought images for the early Japanese Christians. When Christianity was persecuted in 1597, the Japanese converts must have given away the images so as not to provoke the anger of the rulers and not to be detected as Christians.
Sinait and it was locally called “EL SANTO CRISTO MILAGROSO”, while the Blessed Virgin Mary was taken to Badoc Church as “LA VIRGEN MILAGROSA”. From that time on, devotion to Santo Cristo Milagroso spread and miracles were wrought. Every Friday, many people from adjacent and different far places flock to the Sanctuary at Sinait Roman Catholic Church for devotion and intercession. In 1656, the Black Crucifix was taken to Vigan, the capital town of Ilocos Sur, as an epidemic was then raging and through the devotion of the faithful, many got cured. Hence, it was considered as intercessor of all kinds of affliction and sickness. In 1660, because of the growing veneration of the image, the faithful began the construction of a permanent edifice but because of the poverty of the faithful of Sinait, the Audencia set aside funds for a period of eight years for the construction of the Church.
The establishment of the locality in 1735 placed under the control of Spain. In 1910, however, the native citizens started to show their capacity for leadership. The first Filipino elected Chief Executive of the Municipality was Don Brigido Yasaña with the title of Municipal President. Since then, native residents have occupied the seat of the Chief Executive. From 1791, there was a succession of 107 leaders: thirty (30) “Capitan Vasal”, thirty (30) “Gobernadorcillo”; twenty-four (24) (Capitan Municipal); fourteen (14) “Presidente Municipal”; one (1) “Military Mayor” and eight (8) Municipal Mayor”. The following are the names of Sinait Executive from 1791 to the present;
|Don Juan Cruz||1791||Capitan Vasal|
|Don Salvador Baltazar||1792||-do-|
|Don Francisco Isidro||1793-1794||-do-|
|Don Gregorio Quijano||1795||-do-|
|Don Francisco Isidro||1796||-do-|
|Don Andres Baltazar||1797||Capitan Vasal|
|Don Juan Agbayani||1798||-do-|
|Don Gaspar Agbayani||1799||-do-|
|Don Gaspar Quijano||1800||-do-|
|Don Ignacio de la Cruz||1801||-do-|
|Don Juan Narciso||1802||-do-|
|Don Ignacio de la Cruz||1803||-do-|
|Don Buenaventura de la Cruz||1804||-do-|
|Don Andres Eusebio||1805||-do-|
|Don Andres Baltazar||1806||-do-|
|Don Francisco Isidro||1807||-do-|
|Don Ignacio de la Cruz||1808||-do-|
|Don Luis de los Santos||1809||-do-|
|Don Ciriaco de los Santos||1810-1811||-do-|
|Don Ignacio de la Cruz||1812||-do-|
|Don Andres Gascon||1813||-do-|
|Don Felipe Agdeppa||1814||-do-|
|Don Bartolome Bautista||1815||-do-|
|Don Juan Eusebio||1816||-do-|
|Don Martin Antonio||1817||-do-|
|Don Mariano Mercado||1818||-do-|
|Don Justo Narciso||1819||-do-|
|Don Vicente Santiago||1820||-do-|
|Don Martin Antonio||1821||-do-|
|Don Luis de los Santos||1822||Gobernadorcillo|
|Don Nicolas Madamba||1823||-do-|
|Don Favian Agdeppa||1824-1825||-do-|
|Don Mateo de los Santos||1826||-do-|
|Don Juan de la Cruz||1827||-do-|
|Don Martin Antonio||1828||-do-|
|Don Marcos Abella||1829||Gobernadorcillo|
|Don Maximo Ortega||1830||-do-|
|Don Martin Antonio||1831||-do-|
|Don Francisco de los Santos||1832||-do-|
|Don Vicente Santiago||1833||-do-|
|Don Fabian Agdeppa||1834||-do-|
|Don Apolonio Cabacungan||1835||-do-|
|Don Aniceto Agbayani||1836||-do-|
|Don Mariano Resureccion||1837||-do-|
|Don Justo Agdeppa||1838||-do-|
|Don Placido Esteban||1839||-do-|
|Don Fabian Agdeppa||1840||-do-|
|Don Mariano Resureccion||1841||-do-|
|Don Andres Antonio||1842||-do-|
|Don Fermin Agbayani||1843||-do-|
|Don Juan Nepomuceno||1844||-do-|
|Don Liberato Antonio||1845||-do-|
|Don Apolonio Cabacungan||1847||-do-|
|Don Mariano Resureccion||1848||-do-|
|Don Lorenzo de los Santos||1848-1849||-do-|
|Don Fermin Agbayani||1850||-do-|
|Don Dionisio Macatiag||1851||-do-|
|Don Diego Ilar||1852||-do-|
|Don Victor Yanoria||1853||-do-|
|Don Gregorio de los Santos||1854-1856||Capitan Municipal|
|Don Pedro Ines Antonio||1856-1857||-do-|
|Don Eduardo Ines||1857||-do-|
|Don Gregorio de los Santos||1858-1859||-do-|
|Don Francisco Ibarra||1860-1861||-do-|
|Don Pelagio Ibañez||1862-1863||-do-|
|Don Esteban Perez||1863-1865||-do-|
|Don Jose Yanoria||1865-1867||Capitan Municipal|
|Don Ireneo Agbayani||1867-1868||-do-|
|Don Esteban Ines||1869-1871||-do-|
|Don Esteban Perez||1871-1873||-do-|
|Don Andres Anselmo Yarte||1873-1875||-do-|
|Don Pedro Imperio||1875-1877||-do-|
|Don Luis Ibañez||1877-1879||-do-|
|Don Antonio Bayuga||1879-1881||-do-|
|Don Justo Yasaña||1881-1883||-do-|
|Don Hilarion Dayoan||1883-1885||-do-|
|Don Cayetano Ines||1885-1887||-do-|
|Don Doroteo Ines||1887-1889||-do-|
|Don Adriano Agdeppa||1889-1891||-do-|
|Don Juan Yadao||1894-1895||-do-|
|Don Felix Ines||1895-1897||-do-|
|Don Adriano Agdeppa||1897-1900||-do-|
|Don Ciriaco Ibusca||1900-1901||-do-|
|Don Doroteo Ines||1901-1903||Presidente Municipal|
|Don Severo Agayan||1904-1906||-do-|
|Don Cristino Ilustre||1906-1908||-do-|
|Don Hilarion Yadao||1908-1910||-do-|
|Don Brigido Yasaña||1910-1911||-do-|
|Don Antonio Ines||1911-1913||-do-|
|Don Calixto Cabacungan||1914-1916||-do-|
|Don Marcelino Yanoria||1916-1919||-do-|
|Don Eulogio Campos||1919-1922||-do-|
|Don Liberato Agdeppa||1922-1925||-do-|
|Don Santiago Ibañez||1925-1928||-do-|
|Don Norberto Dayoan||1928-1937||Municipal Mayor|
|Don Santiago Ibañez||1937-1940||-do-|
|Don Fructuoso Ramos||1941-1944||-do-|
|Don Pedro Idica||1944-1945||Military Mayor|
|Don Norberto Dayoan||1946-1951||Municipal Mayor|
|Don Juan Ines||1951-1959||-do-|
|Don Valerio Yabes||1960-1967||-do-|
|Hon. George I. Cabacungan||1968-1987||-do-|
|Hon. Ulpiano M. Campos Jr.||Dec. 01, 1987-Feb. 01, 1988||OIC Mayor|
|Hon. George I. Cabacungan||1988-1998||Municipal Mayor|
|Hon. Edgar I. Yabes||1998-2007||-do-|
|Hon. Marlon B. Ines||2007-2016||-do-|
|Hon. Glenn B. Guzman||2016-2019||-do-|
|Hon. Shee-an C. Guzman||2019-Present||-do-|
Honorable George I. Cabacungan was the longest serving Chief Executive since he was elected in 1968. He was re-elected five (5) times in the same position in the local elections of 1972, 1982, 1988, 1992 and 1995. He retired on February 1998 and gave this title to his successor, Honorable Edgar I. Yabes for 9 consecutive years. And from July 01, 2007 up to 2016 he was succeeded by the Honorable Mayor Marlon B. Ines. From July 01, 2016 he was succeeded by our present Mayor, Hon. Glenn B. Guzman.
From the early position as a “pueblo, it was only in 1913 when the name “SINAIT” was “deeded” by the government upon the initiative of the late Don Calixto Cabacungan, who served as Municipal President from 1914 to 1916, so that the Municipal Council enacted a resolution to that effect, that Sinait was adopted as official name of the community to which said resolution was duly approved by the Provincial Board of Ilocos Sur and by the Defunct Philippine Legislature. This deed was initiated by Don Calixto Cabacungan who served as Municipal President from 1914 to 1916.
The Municipality has an agricultural-based economy. Agriculture, which are farming and fishing are the pre-dominant or the major occupation of the people of Sinait and the main crops are palay, garlic, onions, tomato, tobacco, corn and watermelon. The other leading crops are mungbeans, peanuts, legumes, peppers and vegetables. Almost every family raises livestock in their backyard. Chickens are on semi-commercial basis while hogs and goats are raised in commercial quantities. People living along the shores are engaged in fishing and salt-making industry particularly in Barangays Paratong and Sabangan. Sinait is also known for certain seaweeds called “Pocpoclo” which are sold in the local market, to adjacent towns of Ilocos Sur, Ilocos Norte, also in Manila and in the Cagayan Valley. Cottage industries such as bamboo furniture making, bamboo crafts, rattan crafts, metal crafts, tricycle sidecars, owner-type jeep body building and assembler can be found scattered in the town proper and in some barangays.
Sinait Food Terminal Center is the business center which caters all the commercial activities in the municipality. It has established a hard-earned identity in the commercial spectra as the “GARLIC CENTER OF THE NORTH”, being that garlic is one of the major products of the municipality. It is now a trading center or “BAGSAKAN” whereby businessmen coming as far as the Bicol Region, Metro Manila and neighbouring towns and provinces converge to sell and purchase this white gold or “BAWANG” in the local dialect. These exotic products called garlic are displayed in a 500-meter stretch commercial zone winding on both sides of the Manila North Road. All these contribute much to the income of the municipality as taxes, rentals and revenues are derived from all these endeavours.
It was a long hard climb before the municipality has attained this eminence. Sometime in the 70’s, there was a nation-wide dip in the production of garlic. As a result, it suddenly went into high demand everywhere in the country due to scarcity of supply in the market, which the price of this spice naturally soared. Not to be outdone and seeing a good chance, the smart Ilocano farmer shifted to planting garlic on a commercial scale. This was the beginning of the introduction of garlic production in the locality which then spread everywhere in all Barangays.
Sensing a bright future of the industry which eventually became like hot cake to Sinait farmers, a Garlic Trading Center was established right at the frontage of the old public market. So, the farmers were requested to bring their products during Fridays, the prime market day. Because at that time, unscrupulous buyers went directly to their farmlands for their trading spree not to exclude relentless profiting scheme which were not favorable to the hardworking tiller but to the industry itself. The strategy prospered that as far other regions like Bicol and Manila flocked and converged at the center to buy volumes and truckloads of the commodity. Then the Municipality of Sinait slowly marked its name and identity on the Philippine map as the Trading Center in the entire Ilocandia, in the Commerce and Trade spectra. Garlic and onions displayed in a 500- meter stretch commercial zone on both sides of the Manila North Road.
Sinait is known as the “Garlic Center of the North” since 1970 because of the fact that the said Municipality found in the northernmost tip of the province of Ilocos Sur is the center of garlic trading in the whole Northern Luzon in which thousands of traders and buyers coming from all parts of the country flock every Friday to the Sinait Public Market now the Sinait Food Terminal Center (SFTC) just to buy famous garlic of Sinait.
One Town One Product
Through One Town One Product (OTOP), every municipality takes lead in identifying, developing, and promoting a specific product which has a competitive advantage.
Since Sinait is primarily an agricultural town and is the main source of garlic in the region, the municipality celebrates the Annual Garlic Festival to showcase their primary product, “Bawang”, as it is called in the Iluko dialect. It is the main source of pride of the town due to its unique aroma and taste compared to larger imported garlic. The Municipality chose the commodity garlic as its OTOP to improve yields, develop the garlic industry and to make Sinait as the Garlic Capital of the Philippines.
The total population of Sinait based on the census held on 1990, was 21,779 persons, an increase of 784 or about 3.6 percent over the 2000 census count of 22,563. The 2010 census of population is 25,427 showing 2,864 or 12.7 percent increase. Since the first censal year in 1903, the town’s population has been increasing except in the year 1939, which recorded negative growth rate of -0.24%. The municipal average growth rate was 0.96% higher than the average provincial population growth rate of 0.16% from 1903 to 2007, 104 of number years. The population is projected to reach 28,691 by year 2027.
The Municipal population is unevenly distributed to the forty four (44) Barangays classified as either urban or rural. The four urban Barangays composed of Ballaigui, Macabiag, Namnama and Rang-ay have an aggregate population of 2,878 or 11.32% of the total municipal population; while the other Barangays that comprises the rural area have an aggregate population of 22,549 which is equivalent to 88.68% of the total population.
The Municipality has a total land area of 6,740.23 hectares and 12,940.41 hectares bodies of water and a 2010 population of 25,427, spread evenly over these land area thus indicating a gross population density of 3.77 or four persons per hectare. This figure represents that the town is still thinly populated. It appears that in the urban area, Barangay Ballaigui is the most densely populated with an average density of 54.83 or 55 persons per hectare. In the rural barangays, the most densely populated is Barangay Teppeng with a density of 37.77 or 38 persons per hectare. Bigger in land area, upland barangay on the other hand, registered the lowest population density. These are Barangay Nagcullooban at 0.52 persons per hectare being the least followed by Barangay Cabulalaan at 0.53 persons per hectare. These Barangay had an average density of less than one (1) person per hectare.
As of 2010, Sinait has a total of 12,827 gainful workers 15 years old and over; 7,876 (61.40%) are males and 4,951 (38.60%) are females.
Most of those gainfully employed are laborers and unskilled workers that constitute about 41.39 percent because there are five (5) construction firms in the municipality, next is in agriculture/fishing/forestry that is 34.39 percent. Other industries/businesses where most workers are employed are Wholesale and Retail Trade and Repair of Motor Vehicles, Transportation and Storage, and government employees.
Sinait’s population is slightly dominated by female with 12,782 as of 2010 and 12,622 male. It has a young population with 88.30 percent aged 59 years and below Senior citizens comprises 11.70 percent of the total population.
As of 2015, household population of the municipality is 25,427 with a total of 6,138 households. The municipal average household size is 4.2, which is lower than the 4.4 of the province.
The Literacy Rate of the municipality is high with 98.89 percent.
As per 2015 data of the Municipal Social Welfare Office, an estimated 15.12% of the total households in Sinait are within the poverty threshold line.
Based on the Commission on Elections data as of 2016, Sinait has a total of 16,786 registered voters.
The Municipality of Sinait is situated in the northernmost tip of Ilocos Sur, it is one of the 13 municipalities comprising the first congressional district of the province. It is bounded on the North by Badoc, Ilocos Norte by the “Sta. Cruz Creek” which runs perpendicular to the Manila North Road towards the China Sea; on the East by the “Ilocos Coastal Range”, on the South by Cabugao, Ilocos Sur by the “Sinanbeclat Creek”, a stream winding from the mountains towards the sea and the West by the “West Philippine Sea”.
The Global position of Sinait is between 17°53’N latitude and 120°28’E longitude. The Municipality of Sinait is about 422 kilometers north of Manila and with a travel time of around 9 – 11 hours and 35 kilometers from the provincial capital, Vigan with a travel time of 45 minutes. It is also around 49 kilometers from Laoag City with an estimated travel time of 1 hour.
Travel to all points of destinations from this place are unhampered 24 hours a day as it is traversed by an all-weather-type concrete national road, the Manila North Road.
Sinait has a total land area of 6,740.18 hectares or 67.4018 square kilometers. This covers forty four (44) barangays; 4 poblacion or urban barangays with an area of 111.10 hectares which constitutes 1.65 % of the town’s area. The other 40 barangays have a total area of 6,629.08 hectares which comprises 98.35% of the total municipal land area.
Sinait is composed of 44 barangays, 40 rural barangays and 4 urban barangays. The urban area has a total land area of 111.10 or 1.65% of the total area of the municipality. The largest barangay in term of land area is barangay Nagcullooban while the smallest is barangay Ballaigui.
Table No. 1
LAND AREA BY BARANGAY: CY2017 (URBAN)
% to Total
Dean Leopoldo Yabes (Pug-os)
The municipality of Sinait is both rich in natural, cultural, and historical tourists spots that had been drawing visitors ever since. Some of the famous tourist spots are San Agustin Church of Paoay, Bantay Church Bell, and Sinait Church (St. Nicolas Parish Church) to name a few.
Come visit us now and experiece the beauty of Sinait in person.
REPUBLIC OF THE PHILIPPINES
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