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09171861911

sinait fire station

09163344157 09065478704

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sinait pnp

Philippine Standard Time

03:18:06 am

Monday, December 05, 2022

About Sinait

Land Area: 7,800 has./78 sq.kms.
   Number of Barangays – 44
   Income Classification: 3rd
   Class Municipality
   Population – 26,494 (projected)
   Distance from Service Centers:
Sinait – Manila – 444 kms. ( 296 miles)
     Sinait – Laoag  –  48 kms.
     Sinait – Vigan  –  35 kms.

Creation   :  Named  “SIN-NAIT” by Salcedo in 1575, a word in the local tongue which means “CONTEST” and later in 1913 through a Municipal Council Resolution adopted SINAIT as the official name to that effect.

BRIEF HISTORY

Before Magellan discovered the Philippines in 1521, the locality was only a small village of little over a hundred natives who were called Tirongs. By nature, these primitive inhabitants were sea-fearing warlike. In their fast picturesque sailboats, they travelled to adjoining and distant places, most particularly to settlements and villages along the Ilocos Coast in Ilocos Norte, Ilocos Sur, La Union, Pangasinan and even Zambales. In those adventures, the “Tirongs” always challenged the people encountered to tribal wars and fought small battles against them. Often, those sturdy and brave natives came out victorious. Even in their daily chores, those people showed their ferocious characteristics. When the renowned Iberians came, Salcedo was sent to explore and colonized the Ilocos territory during the early years of the Spanish regime, he found the “Tirongs” of Sinait in apogee of the social state. Small battles were daily occurrence so that in the year 1535, when the locality was organized and established as a “Pueblo”, Salcedo named the new community as “SIN-NAIT”, a word in the local tongue which means “CONTEST”. As a pueblo, Sinait embraced and included in its territorial limit such as distant places as “RANCHERA DE PAUR”, now the Municipality of Nueva Era in Ilocos Norte and southern barrios of Badoc of the same Province. The vast territory, however,   was reduced to present 78 square kilometers. In the year 1575, the natives fully realized the hardships of pronouncing the term “SIN-NAIT” and to go away with the trouble, Salcedo declared that one of the letter “N” be dropped. Since then, this Municipality has been called “SINAIT”.

GLORIOUS PAST:

Sinait takes pride in being the Sanctuary of the Miraculous Crucifix known as “APO LAKAY”, the treasure of Ilocandia.  It has a life size statue in the Roman Catholic Church, a Black Crucified Christ which is believed to have come from Nagasaki, Japan in 1620.  The early Spanish missionaries might have brought images for the early Japanese Christians.  When Christianity was persecuted in 1597, the Japanese converts must have given away the images so as not to provoke the anger of the rulers and not to be detected as Christians.

Sinait and it was locally called “EL SANTO CRISTO MILAGROSO”, while the Blessed Virgin Mary was taken to Badoc Church as “LA VIRGEN MILAGROSA”. From that time on, devotion to Santo Cristo Milagroso spread and miracles were wrought. Every Friday, many people from adjacent and different far places flock to the Sanctuary at Sinait Roman Catholic Church for devotion and intercession.  In 1656, the Black Crucifix was taken to Vigan, the capital town of Ilocos Sur, as an epidemic was then raging and through the devotion of the faithful, many got cured.  Hence, it was considered as intercessor of all kinds of affliction and sickness.  In 1660, because of the growing veneration of the image, the faithful began the construction of a permanent edifice but because of the poverty of the faithful of Sinait, the Audencia set aside funds for a period of eight years for the construction of the Church.    

THE FOUNDING

The establishment of the locality in 1735 placed under the control of Spain. In 1910, however, the native citizens started to show their capacity for leadership. The first Filipino elected Chief Executive of the Municipality was Don Brigido Yasaña with the title of Municipal President. Since then, native residents have occupied the seat of the Chief Executive. From 1791, there was a succession of 107 leaders: thirty (30) “Capitan Vasal”, thirty (30) “Gobernadorcillo”; twenty-four (24) (Capitan Municipal); fourteen (14) “Presidente Municipal”; one (1) “Military Mayor” and eight (8) Municipal Mayor”. The following are the names of Sinait Executive from 1791 to the present;

Name Term Title
Don Juan Cruz 1791 Capitan Vasal
Don Salvador Baltazar 1792 -do-
Don Francisco Isidro 1793-1794 -do-
Don Gregorio Quijano 1795 -do-
Don Francisco Isidro 1796 -do-
Don Andres Baltazar 1797 Capitan Vasal
Don Juan Agbayani 1798 -do-
Don Gaspar Agbayani 1799 -do-
Don Gaspar Quijano 1800 -do-
Don Ignacio de la Cruz 1801 -do-
Don Juan Narciso 1802 -do-
Don Ignacio de la Cruz 1803 -do-
Don Buenaventura de la Cruz 1804 -do-
Don Andres Eusebio 1805 -do-
Don Andres Baltazar 1806 -do-
Don Francisco Isidro 1807 -do-
Don Ignacio de la Cruz 1808 -do-
Don Luis de los Santos 1809 -do-
Don Ciriaco de los Santos 1810-1811 -do-
Don Ignacio de la Cruz 1812 -do-
Don Andres Gascon 1813 -do-
Don Felipe Agdeppa 1814 -do-
Don Bartolome Bautista 1815 -do-
Don Juan Eusebio 1816 -do-
Don Martin Antonio 1817 -do-
Don Mariano Mercado 1818 -do-
Don Justo Narciso 1819 -do-
Don Vicente Santiago 1820 -do-
Don Martin Antonio 1821 -do-
Don Luis de los Santos 1822 Gobernadorcillo
Don Nicolas Madamba 1823 -do-
Don Favian Agdeppa 1824-1825 -do-
Don Mateo de los Santos 1826 -do-
Don Juan de la Cruz 1827 -do-
Don Martin Antonio 1828 -do-
Don Marcos Abella 1829 Gobernadorcillo
Don Maximo Ortega 1830 -do-
Don Martin Antonio 1831 -do-
Don Francisco de los Santos 1832 -do-
Don Vicente Santiago 1833 -do-
Don Fabian Agdeppa 1834 -do-
Don Apolonio Cabacungan 1835 -do-
Don Aniceto Agbayani 1836 -do-
Don Mariano Resureccion 1837 -do-
Don Justo Agdeppa 1838 -do-
Don Placido Esteban 1839 -do-
Don Fabian Agdeppa 1840 -do-
Don Mariano Resureccion 1841 -do-
Don Andres Antonio 1842 -do-
Don Fermin Agbayani 1843 -do-
Don Juan Nepomuceno 1844 -do-
Don Liberato Antonio 1845 -do-
Don Apolonio Cabacungan 1847 -do-
Don Mariano Resureccion 1848 -do-
Don Lorenzo de los Santos 1848-1849 -do-
Don Fermin Agbayani 1850 -do-
Don Dionisio Macatiag 1851 -do-
Don Diego Ilar 1852 -do-
Don Victor Yanoria 1853 -do-
Don Gregorio de los Santos 1854-1856 Capitan Municipal
Don Pedro Ines Antonio 1856-1857 -do-
Don Eduardo Ines 1857 -do-
Don Gregorio de los Santos 1858-1859 -do-
Don Francisco Ibarra 1860-1861 -do-
Don Pelagio Ibañez 1862-1863 -do-
Don Esteban Perez 1863-1865 -do-
Don Jose Yanoria 1865-1867 Capitan Municipal
Don Ireneo Agbayani 1867-1868 -do-
Don Esteban Ines 1869-1871 -do-
Don Esteban Perez 1871-1873 -do-
Don Andres Anselmo Yarte 1873-1875 -do-
Don Pedro Imperio 1875-1877 -do-
Don Luis Ibañez 1877-1879 -do-
Don Antonio Bayuga 1879-1881 -do-
Don Justo Yasaña 1881-1883 -do-
Don Hilarion Dayoan 1883-1885 -do-
Don Cayetano Ines 1885-1887 -do-
Don Doroteo Ines 1887-1889 -do-
Don Adriano Agdeppa 1889-1891 -do-
Don Juan Yadao 1894-1895 -do-
Don Felix Ines 1895-1897 -do-
Don Adriano Agdeppa 1897-1900 -do-
Don Ciriaco Ibusca 1900-1901 -do-
Don Doroteo Ines 1901-1903 Presidente Municipal
Don Severo Agayan 1904-1906 -do-
Don Cristino Ilustre 1906-1908 -do-
Don Hilarion Yadao 1908-1910 -do-
Don Brigido Yasaña 1910-1911 -do-
Don Antonio Ines 1911-1913 -do-
Don Calixto Cabacungan 1914-1916 -do-
Don Marcelino Yanoria 1916-1919 -do-
Don Eulogio Campos 1919-1922 -do-
Don Liberato Agdeppa 1922-1925 -do-
Don Santiago Ibañez 1925-1928 -do-
Don Norberto Dayoan 1928-1937 Municipal Mayor
Don Santiago Ibañez 1937-1940 -do-
Don Fructuoso Ramos 1941-1944 -do-
Don Pedro Idica 1944-1945 Military Mayor
Don Norberto Dayoan 1946-1951 Municipal Mayor
Don Juan Ines 1951-1959 -do-
Don Valerio Yabes 1960-1967 -do-
Hon. George I. Cabacungan 1968-1987 -do-
Hon. Ulpiano M. Campos Jr. Dec. 01, 1987-Feb. 01, 1988 OIC Mayor
Hon. George I. Cabacungan 1988-1998 Municipal Mayor
Hon. Edgar I. Yabes 1998-2007 -do-
Hon. Marlon B. Ines 2007-2016 -do-
Hon. Glenn B. Guzman 2016-2019 -do-
Hon. Shee-an C. Guzman 2019-Present -do-

Honorable George I. Cabacungan was the longest serving Chief Executive since he was elected in 1968. He was re-elected five (5) times in the same position in the local elections of 1972, 1982, 1988, 1992 and 1995. He retired on February 1998 and gave this title to his successor, Honorable Edgar I. Yabes for 9 consecutive years. And from July 01, 2007 up to 2016 he was succeeded by the Honorable Mayor Marlon B. Ines. From July 01, 2016 he was succeeded by our present Mayor, Hon. Glenn B. Guzman.

CREATION OF THE MUNICIPALITY:

From the early position as a “pueblo, it was only in 1913 when the name “SINAIT” was “deeded” by the government upon the initiative of the late Don Calixto Cabacungan, who served as Municipal President from 1914 to 1916, so that the Municipal Council enacted a resolution to that effect, that Sinait was adopted as official name of the community to which said resolution was duly approved by the Provincial Board of Ilocos Sur and by the Defunct Philippine Legislature. This deed was initiated by Don Calixto Cabacungan who served as Municipal President from 1914 to 1916.

PRESENT-DAY SINAIT

The Municipality has an agricultural-based economy. Agriculture, which are farming and fishing are the pre-dominant or the major occupation of the people of Sinait and the main crops are palay, garlic, onions, tomato, tobacco, corn and watermelon. The other leading crops are mungbeans, peanuts, legumes, peppers and vegetables. Almost every family raises livestock in their backyard. Chickens are on semi-commercial basis while hogs and goats are raised in commercial quantities. People living along the shores are engaged in fishing and salt-making industry particularly in Barangays Paratong and Sabangan. Sinait is also known for certain seaweeds called “Pocpoclo” which are sold in the local market, to adjacent towns of Ilocos Sur, Ilocos Norte, also in Manila and in the Cagayan Valley. Cottage industries such as bamboo furniture making, bamboo crafts, rattan crafts, metal crafts, tricycle sidecars, owner-type jeep body building and assembler can be found scattered in the town proper and in some barangays.

Sinait Food Terminal Center is the business center which caters all the commercial activities in the municipality. It has established a hard-earned identity in the commercial spectra as the “GARLIC CENTER OF THE NORTH”,   being that garlic is one of the major products of the municipality. It is now a trading center or “BAGSAKAN” whereby businessmen coming as far as the Bicol Region, Metro Manila and neighbouring towns and provinces converge to sell and purchase this white gold or “BAWANG” in the local dialect. These exotic products called garlic are displayed in a 500-meter stretch commercial zone winding on both sides of the Manila North Road. All these contribute much to the income of the municipality as taxes, rentals and revenues are derived from all these endeavours.

ONE TOWN ONE PRODUCT

It was a long hard climb before the municipality has attained this eminence. Sometime in the 70’s, there was a nation-wide dip in the production of garlic. As a result, it suddenly went into high demand everywhere in the country due to scarcity of supply in the market, which the price of this spice naturally soared. Not to be outdone and seeing a good chance, the smart Ilocano farmer shifted to planting garlic on a commercial scale. This was the beginning of the introduction of garlic production in the locality which then spread everywhere in all Barangays.

Sensing a bright future of the industry which eventually became like hot cake to Sinait farmers, a Garlic Trading Center was established right at the frontage of the old public market. So, the farmers were requested to bring their products during Fridays, the prime market day. Because at that time, unscrupulous buyers went directly to their farmlands for their trading spree not to exclude relentless profiting scheme which were not favorable to the hardworking tiller but to the industry itself. The strategy prospered that as far other regions like Bicol and Manila flocked and converged at the center to buy volumes and truckloads of the commodity. Then the Municipality   of Sinait slowly marked its name and identity on the Philippine map as the Trading Center in the entire Ilocandia, in the Commerce and Trade spectra. Garlic and onions displayed in a 500- meter stretch commercial zone on both sides of the Manila North Road.

Sinait is known as the “Garlic Center of the North” since 1970 because of the fact that the said Municipality found in the northernmost tip of the province of Ilocos Sur is the center of garlic trading in the whole Northern Luzon in which thousands of traders and buyers coming from all parts of the country flock every Friday to the Sinait Public Market now the Sinait Food Terminal Center (SFTC) just to buy famous garlic of Sinait.

Why the GARLIC CENTER OT THE NORTH?

One Town One Product
Through One Town One Product (OTOP), every municipality takes lead in identifying, developing, and promoting a specific product which has a competitive advantage.

Since Sinait is primarily an agricultural town and is the main source of garlic in the region, the municipality celebrates the Annual Garlic Festival to showcase their primary product, “Bawang”, as it is called in the Iluko dialect. It is the main source of pride of the town due to its unique aroma and taste compared to larger imported garlic. The Municipality chose the commodity garlic as its OTOP to improve yields, develop the garlic industry and to make Sinait as the Garlic Capital of the Philippines.

Population Size and Growth Rate 

The total population of Sinait based on the census held on 1990, was 21,779 persons, an increase of 784 or about 3.6 percent over the 2000 census count of 22,563. The 2010 census of population is 25,427 showing 2,864 or 12.7 percent increase. Since the first censal year in 1903, the town’s population has been increasing except in the year 1939, which recorded negative growth rate of -0.24%. The municipal average growth rate was 0.96% higher than the average provincial population growth rate of 0.16% from 1903 to 2007, 104 of number years. The population is projected to reach 28,691 by year 2027.

Population Distribution

The Municipal population is unevenly distributed to the forty four (44) Barangays classified as either urban or rural. The four urban Barangays composed of Ballaigui, Macabiag, Namnama and Rang-ay have an aggregate population of 2,878 or 11.32% of the total municipal population; while the other Barangays that comprises the rural area have an aggregate population of 22,549 which is equivalent to 88.68% of the total population.

Population Density

The Municipality has a total land area of 6,740.23 hectares and 12,940.41 hectares bodies of water and a 2010 population of 25,427, spread evenly over these land area thus indicating a gross population density of 3.77 or four persons per hectare. This figure represents that the town is still thinly populated. It appears that in the urban area, Barangay Ballaigui is the most densely populated with an average density of 54.83 or 55 persons per hectare. In the rural barangays, the most densely populated is Barangay Teppeng with a density of 37.77 or 38 persons per hectare. Bigger in land area, upland barangay on the other hand, registered the lowest population density. These are Barangay Nagcullooban at 0.52 persons per hectare being the least followed by Barangay Cabulalaan at 0.53 persons per hectare. These Barangay had an average density of less than one (1) person per hectare.

Gainful Workers and Employment

As of 2010, Sinait has a total of 12,827 gainful workers 15 years old and over; 7,876 (61.40%) are males and 4,951 (38.60%) are females.

Most of those gainfully employed are laborers and unskilled workers that constitute about 41.39 percent because there are five (5) construction firms in the municipality, next is in agriculture/fishing/forestry that is 34.39 percent. Other industries/businesses where most workers are employed are Wholesale and Retail Trade and Repair of Motor Vehicles, Transportation and Storage, and government employees. 

Others

Sinait’s population is slightly dominated by female with 12,782 as of 2010 and 12,622 male. It has a young population with 88.30 percent aged 59 years and below Senior citizens comprises 11.70 percent of the total population.

As of 2015, household population of the municipality is 25,427 with a total of 6,138 households. The municipal average household size is 4.2, which is lower than the 4.4 of the province.

The Literacy Rate of the municipality is high with 98.89 percent.

As per 2015 data of the Municipal Social Welfare Office, an estimated 15.12% of the total households in Sinait are within the poverty threshold line.

Based on the Commission on Elections data as of 2016, Sinait has a total of 16,786 registered voters.

GEOGRAPHIC LOCATION

The Municipality of Sinait is situated in the northernmost tip of Ilocos Sur, it is one of the 13 municipalities comprising the first congressional district of the province. It is bounded on the North by Badoc, Ilocos Norte by the “Sta. Cruz Creek” which runs perpendicular to the Manila North Road towards the China Sea; on the East by the “Ilocos Coastal Range”, on the South by Cabugao, Ilocos Sur by the “Sinanbeclat Creek”, a stream winding from the mountains towards the sea and the West by the “West Philippine Sea”. 

The Global position of Sinait is between 17°53’N latitude and 120°28’E longitude. The Municipality of Sinait is about 422 kilometers north of Manila and with a travel time of around 9 – 11 hours and 35 kilometers from the provincial capital, Vigan with a travel time of 45 minutes. It is also around 49 kilometers from Laoag City with an estimated travel time of 1 hour. 

Travel to all points of destinations from this place are unhampered 24 hours a day as it is traversed by an all-weather-type concrete national road, the Manila North Road.

TERRITORIAL JURISDICTION

Sinait has a total land area of 6,740.18 hectares or 67.4018 square kilometers. This covers forty four (44) barangays; 4 poblacion or urban barangays with an area of 111.10 hectares which constitutes 1.65 % of the town’s area. The other 40 barangays have a total area of 6,629.08 hectares which comprises 98.35% of the total municipal land area. 

BARANGAY SUBDIVISIONS
Sinait is composed of 44 barangays, 40 rural barangays and 4 urban barangays. The urban area has a total land area of 111.10 or 1.65% of the total area of the municipality. The largest barangay in term of land area is barangay Nagcullooban while the smallest is barangay Ballaigui.

Table No. 1

LAND AREA BY BARANGAY: CY2017 (URBAN)

Barangay

Area

% to Total

Macabiag

66.94

0.99

Namnama

20.61

0.30

Ballagui                                   

12.02

0.18

Rang-ay                        

11.53             

0.17



CY2017 (RURAL)

Aguing

147.13

2.18

Baliw

60.72

0.90

Baracbac

429.36

6.37

Barikir

61.47

0.91

Battog

107.61

1.60

Binacud

72.01

1.07

Cabangtalan

127.63

1.89

Cabarambanan

88.05

1.31

Cabulalaan

682.35

10.04

Cadanglaan

201.94

2.99

Calingayan

79.98

1.18

Curtin

212.22

3.15

Dadalaquiten Norte

90.92

1.34

Dadalaquiten Sur

78.89

1.18

Duyayyat

96.58

1.43

Jordan

207.56

3.08

Calanutian

86.33

1.28

Katipunan

128.72

1.91

Magsaysay

66.71

0.99

Marnay

100.56

1.49

Masadag

145.11

2.15

Nagcullooban

828.01

12.28

Nagbalioartian

122.92

1.82

Nagongburan

199.35

2.96

Pacis

74.52

1.10

Paratong

110.53

1.64

Dean Leopoldo Yabes (Pug-os)

89.68

1.33

Purag

50.06

0.74

Quibit-quibit

558.80

8.37

Quimmallogong

129.26

1.92

Ricudo

125.98

1.87

Sabangan (Marcos)

34.34

0.51

Sallacapo

136.0

2.02

Santa Cruz

137.01

2.03

Sapriana

129.57

1.92

Tapao

247.45

3.67

Teppeng

34.60

0.51

Tubigay

84.99

1.26

Ubbog

72.02

1.07

Zapat

192.22

2.85

Mission

To institutionalize transparency in government, to better deliver basic services, to include health, peace and order. Public safety and infrastructure, the full participation of civil society organization, leading towards economic progress.

Vision

Sinait: The Rising Municipality of the North 

Municipal Officials

Hon. GLENN B. GUZMAN

Municipal Mayor

Hon. Clifford L. Ines

Vice Mayor

Hon. Jespher R. Barcelona

Councilor

Hon. Joselito L. Ines

Councilor

Hon. Blayne B. Guzman

Councilor

Hon. Ehlafe Y. Battad

Councilor

Hon. Wilhelmina R. Ibañez

Councilor

Hon. Marlowrie I. Remolacio

Councilor

HON. MARLON B. INES

Councilor

Hon. Jojo Q. Yoro

Councilor

Hon. Leopoldo Florentino D. Rosete

Liga ng mga Barangay President

Hon. Kenny Hubert S. Barbosa

Sangguiniang Kabataan President

Department Heads

Engr. Aminel M. Ines

Municipal Civil Registrar

Mrs. Charito I. Sonido

Municipal Agricluturist

Dr. Renalyn R. Lived

Municipal Health Officer

Mr. Edward Y. Bautista

Secretary to the Sanggunian

Mrs. Emelfa C. Ines

Municipal Treasurer

Engr. Jackelin T. Malupeng

Municipal Engineer

Mrs. Marites T. Ines

Municipal Social Welfare and Development Officer

Engr. Melvin G. Ibera

Municipal Assessor

Mr. Romer P. Regucera

Municipal Budget Officer

Mr. Ronnel Jojo M. Lived

Municipal Accountant

awards

tourism

Welcome to Sinait!

The municipality of Sinait is both rich in natural, cultural, and historical tourists spots that had been drawing visitors ever since. Some of the famous tourist spots are San Agustin Church of Paoay, Bantay Church Bell, and Sinait Church (St. Nicolas Parish Church) to name a few.  

Come visit us now and experiece the beauty of Sinait in person.

total area

0 .56 km2

Population

0

HOUSEHOLD

0

Barangays

0

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